Depression, Overeating and Chromium Picolinate
In this study 113 individuals with atypical depression were given either
a supplement of chromium picolinate or a placebo for eight weeks. In the
individuals who had carbohydrate craving the supplement cut the craving
and significantly decreased depression in the cravers, versus cravers on
The study was presented at the annual New Clinical Drug Evaluation Unit
Conference of the National Institute of Mental Health, by John Docherty,
MD, an adjunct professor of psychiatry at Cornell University, and president
of Comprehensive Neuroscience Inc., in White Plains, NY.
Commentary by Jerry Hickey, R.Ph.
Atypical depression is the most common form of depression affecting up to
42% of all depressed individuals who do not require hospitalization. Individuals
with atypical depression frequently crave carbohydrates and overeat. Overeating
leads to obesity, which leads to insulin insensitivity - a major cause of diabetes.
Individuals with depression are about twice as likely to develop diabetes. Studies
have shown that larger than average doses of chromium picolinate aid the control
of blood sugar in diabetics.
Food Additives and Children
Researchers at Southampton General Hospital, UK, studied the effects of
food preservatives (benzoates) and artificial food coloring on the behavior
of 277 preschoolers. The parent's subjective assessment of hyperactivity
rating fell after the removal of food additives from the diet. There was
a significant increase in hyperactivity when food additives were reintroduced
into the diet. The increased rating of hyperactivity affected the children
even if they did not have food allergies or hyperactivity. The study included
75 children diagnosed with hyperactivity, 79 with allergies, 36 with both
hyperactivity and allergies and 87 with neither condition. The study appears
in the June 2004 issue of Archives of Disease in Childhood.
Diabetes and Colorectal Cancer
In a study of 10,000 individuals, those with elevated blood sugar
had an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer within the
next six years. This increased risk included individuals with elevated
sugar even if it was below the level of diagnosing diabetes. Individuals
with the highest blood sugar readings had a 300% increase in the risk
of developing bowel cancer. The study appears in the June 2004 issue
of Cancer Epidemiology and Biomarkers.