Another large review of Horse Chestnut shows it improves circulation safely
Damaged valves in the veins in the lower part of the legs allows a backward flow of blood, and causes
ongoing pooling of liquid in the legs that causes swelling of the lower legs and feet. Over time the
constant high pressure against the skin can lead to thinning of the skin, discoloration, and
ulceration. This is a common form of the condition called peripheral vascular disease (PVD).
Changes in lifestyle, leg compression, and medication are often used for PVD. In this analysis,
researchers reviewed the existing evidence for Horse Chestnut Seed Extract (HCSE) and the
treatment of PVD looking at high quality studies that met their research requirements. Seven
placebo-controlled studies assessed leg pain. Six reported a significant reduction in leg pain
with HCSE compared to placebo where the seventh study demonstrated a great decrease compared to
the start of the study. The swollen volume of the leg was assessed in six placebo-controlled
trials. There was a significant difference between HCSE and placebo with a significant reduction
in leg volume. The meta-analysis was performed by the Cochrane Database Systematic Review.
Commentary by Jerry Hickey, R.Ph.
Do not just depend on medication to lower your cholesterol, focus on diet and nutrition and include
plant sterol containing foods or plant sterol containing supplements as part of your daily healthy
Reishi Mushroom stimulates a wide variety of immune system cells that fight bacteria, viruses, and the cancer process
Reishi mushroom (Ganoderma lucidum) affects many components of the immune system: it improves the
activity of antigen-presenting cells, NK cells (cells with granulocytes that can kill tumor and
bacterially or virally infected cells), T and B lymphocytes (T lymphocytes are white blood cells
that control immune system reactions by triggering effects in other immune cells, they aid the B
cells in producing antibodies to fight bacterial infections and cancer cells, B lymphocytes are
antibody producing immune cells - these antibodies on the B cells attach to bacteria and viruses
and allow the immune system to attack). Reishi mushroom has significant anti-tumor activity
through its ability to enhance immune function. Reishi mushroom also has a direct cytotoxic
effect on tumor cells. The research is published in the November 2004 issue of the journal Acta
Shiitake Mushroom liquid helps fight infectious bacteria while ignoring beneficial bacteria
Many bacteria live in the intestines, some of them friendly and some of them dangerous. When the
good bacteria die off and the unfriendly bacteria are left over it is called dysbiosis. Because
bacteria release different chemicals an overgrowth of the wrong bacteria can wreak havoc including
inhibiting the proper digestion of food, releasing inflammatory components that lead to lung
inflammation, asthma, and even food allergies. In this study the action of a liquid preparation of
Shiitake mushroom (Lentinus edodes) was tested on both infectious and friendly flora bacteria.
The Shiitake had a pronounced antimicrobial effect against Candida albicans (yeast), Staphylococcus
aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, and a problematic strain of E. coli known as Escherichia coli O-114:
most strains of E. coli are harmless and live in the intestines whereas E. coli O-114 can cause
severe illness. Shiitake mushroom stimulates the growth of E coli strain M-17, a strain of E coli
that is both friendly and helps fight inflammation and the mushroom had no effect on either
Bifidobacteria or Lactobaccilus. Shiitake Mushroom may be very helpful in balancing the flora of
the intestines. The study is published in the January-February 2005 issue of the Journal of
Microbiology, Epidemiology, and Immunobiology.